A bunionectomy is a surgical procedure to remove a hallux valgus, more commonly known as a bunion, which is an enlargement of bone or soft tissues around the joint at the base of the big toe. There are several techniques and surgical options to treat bunions. One of the more common and effective removal procedures is an osteotomy. An osteotomy involves surgical cutting and realignment of the toe joint.
Hammer Toe Correction
Surgical treatments are the only option to correct a hammertoe deformity and relieve pain. There are, however, numerous surgical strategies from which a physician can choose, including tendon release, tendon transfer, PIP joint resection, and PIP resection arthroplasty. Each hammertoe is different, which is why the physician will come up with a tailored plan for each patient.
Heel Spur Removal
Heel spur surgery is used to treat plantarfaciitis, which is inflammation of the main ligament that runs along the bottom of the foot from the heel to the toes. Heel spur removal can take a variety of approaches: detaching the ligament from the heel bone to relieve tension, remove the heel spur itself, or partially detach the ligament. Physicians may use a combination of these options to achieve the desired result.
Treatment of Ganglion Cyst
Ganglion cysts are fluid-filled lumps below the surface of the skin near joints and tendons. Some ganglion cysts may go away on their own, but if that is not the case, physicians may recommend a variety of treatments. Anti-inflammatory medication, splints or braces, and a procedure called aspiration, which removes fluid from the cyst with a needle, are all treatments options. Surgery may be considered if these latter options do not provide relief or if the cyst comes back. This outpatient surgery removes the entire cyst through open or arthroscopic techniques.
Implants may be used to treat different podiatry concerns. For instance, arthroeresis is an implant for flat feet that is placed in the sinus tarsi, which prevents the heel and the rest of the foot to turn out and flatten.